Eleanor Finley

Eleanor Finley is a writer, teacher, activist and municipalist. She is also board member at the Institute for Social Ecology (ISE) and a PhD student in anthropology the University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

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Where are the municipalists in the US and Canada?

The very “incoherence” for which US and Canadian municipalists are criticized is a sign of a evolving movement grappling with historical problems on a civilizational scale.

January 19, 2022

Human nature

Resources for a better future: Human Nature

Our biology equips us to understand not only what is, but also what could and what should be. We are ethical creatures; we are nature debating, rationalizing, and thinking with itself.

June 11, 2020

Pan-African Social Ecology cover

The Stories We Need: Pan-African Social Ecology

Kadalie’s book is one more testament that a collective awakening is taking place to jettison the state and redefine global history from the bottom up.

For all this, direct democracy by itself can hardly promise social and ecological restoration. Democracy is not a matter of implementing formulaic procedures and structures; it is a matter of fostering bonds of mutual support and the sharing of communal power.

November 4, 2019

The New Municipal Movements

Blurring the lines between social movement and local governance, these municipalist experiments organize on the basis of existing municipalities or districts, demanding socially just and ecological solutions to issues that concern the community as a whole.

August 4, 2017


Reason, Creativity and Freedom: The Communalist Model

As a solution to the present situation, a growing number of people in the world are proposing “communalism”: the usurpation of capitalism, the state, and social hierarchy by the way of town, village, and neighborhood assemblies and federations. Communalism is a living idea, one that builds upon a rich legacy of political history and social movements.

February 21, 2017