Above: The toilet as artefact, however well-designed, is a relatively small part of the story. (Photo: Quicksand).
For Kris de Decker, toilets are a second-order question. The priority, for him, is a social business organization of the kind that served China and Japan for centuries before the development of artificial fertilizer transformed sanitation systems for the worse.
[Above: For volunteer groups working to restore Jakkur Lake, near Bangalore, educating communities about the value of the ecological context is a priority. Information graphic by Aajwanthi Baradwaj]
Above: Thanks to an Ugly Indian group, a former rubbish dump is now an urban park.