By James Stodder, Bernard Lietaer, Patterns of Commoning
The Swiss WIR (“We” in German) is the longest surviving social or community currency, sometimes called a complementary currency.
By Bernard Lietaer, Gwendolyn Hallsmith, Solutions
The financial meltdown of 2008 highlighted the role that banking systems play in the world economy, bringing financial and monetary instability into focus as a driver of collapse. Not since the Great Depression of the 1930s have so many people been aware of how banks make the system work—or don’t.