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Advances in Energy Studies - proceedings

The following is an edited table of contents from Science Direct. See original for links to PDF and HTML versions of the articles.

1. IFC- Editorial info • EDITORIAL BOARD

2. Contents page • CONTENTS LIST

3. Editorial introduction EDITORIAL
Enrico Sciubba, Sergio Ulgiati and Noam Lior

4. Prospective/retrospective on strategies
Robert A. Herendeen

5. Energy efficiency—a critical view
Horace Herring

6. The prosperous way down
Howard T. Odum and Elisabeth C. Odum

7. Steps toward the hydrogen economy
S.S. Penner

8. Energy transformations and post-normal science
Joseph A. Tainter, T.F.H. Allen and T.W. Hoekstra

9. Integrated assessment and energy analysis: Quality assurance in multi-criteria analysis of sustainability
Mario Giampietro, Kozo Mayumi and Giuseppe Munda

10. The global socioeconomic energetic metabolism as a sustainability problem
Helmut Haberl

11. Exergy-based lumped simulation of complex systems: An interactive analysis tool
Daniela Milia and Enrico Sciubba

12. Land use impact evaluation in life cycle assessment based on ecosystem thermodynamics
Tim Wagendorp, Hubert Gulinck, Pol Coppin and Bart Muys

13. A.R.T. (Associated Reversible Transformations) as a basis for thermodynamic cycles analysis
M. Reini

14. Natural gas and the environmental results of life cycle assessment
Angelo Riva, Simona D'Angelosante and Carla Trebeschi

15. An integrated assessment of energy conversion processes by means of thermodynamic, economic and environmental parameters
S. Tonon, M.T. Brown, F. Luchi, A. Mirandola, A. Stoppato and S. Ulgiati

16. Exergy accounting: Capabilities and drawbacks
A. Valero

Editorial Notes: Proceedings of the Second Biennial International Workshop "Advances in Energy Studies" (Porto Venere, Italy, May 2000). Thanks to science publisher Elsevier for making this issue available online as a sample issue. Thanks to reader S for bringing it to EB's attention. Essays I found particularly interesting: The prosperous way down by Howard T. Odum and Elisabeth C. Odum. [Versions of this have already been posted on the Web for several years]:
Principles that appear to govern all systems including human societies were used to consider the time of economic descent ahead. These include the energy laws, the emergy concept, the maximum empower principle, the universal energy hierarchy, the conservation and hierarchical distribution of materials, the spatial organization of centers, and the pulsing paradigm. Population and cities, energy consumption and climate change, agriculture and environment, information and electric power, capitalism and economic policies, structures and materials, human life and standard of living are dealt with in this paper as interconnected aspects of the same problem, i.e. the necessary descent phase of human economies, due to decreasing resource base. We expect much of the resource use, culture and public policy appropriate for the growth period to be replaced with a new set of ethics and policies affecting each scale of time and space during descent. Decisive changes in attitudes and practices can divert a destructive collapse, leading instead to a prosperous way down.
Energy efficiency—a critical view by Horace Herring. Discusses the Rebound Effect (Jevons Paradox) and efficiency vs conservation:
This paper challenges the view that improving the efficiency of energy use will lead to a reduction in national energy consumption, and hence is an effective policy for reducing national CO2 emissions. It argues that improving energy efficiency lowers the implicit price of energy and hence make its use more affordable, thus leading to greater use—an effect termed the ‘rebound’ or ‘takeback’ effect. The paper presents the views of economists, as well as green critics of ‘the gospel of efficiency’. The paper argues that a more effective CO2 policy is to concentrate on shifting to non-fossil fuels, like renewables, subsidized through a carbon tax. Ultimately what is needed, to limit energy consumption, is energy sufficiency (or conservation) rather than energy efficiency.
Energy transformations and post-normal science by Tainter, Allen & Hoekstra:
Public interest is central to future energy. A transition from fossil to renewable fuels would be likely to involve post-normal science, which is science constrained by uncertainty, urgency, high stakes, and public values. Future energy transformation will involve post-normal science because public interest will be central, and political will may be as limiting as engineering issues. This paper discusses cases of energy transformation in human and insect societies, showing general patterns in resource transitions, and in human responses to them. Understanding these general patterns allows scenarios to be developed describing some consequences of possible energy futures. The costs and benefits of these alternatives will have tangible differences for the interests of people whose lives are affected. Values, uncertainty, urgency, and high stakes all suggest the utility of a post-normal approach to future energy.
-BA

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