Reflections by the author of the "Hirsch Report" on the Conference “Peak Oil: Challenges and Opportunities for the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Countries.”
I was fortunate to be among the few westerners invited to attend and speak at this first-of-its kind “peak oil” (PO) conference in a Middle East. The fact that a major Middle East oil exporter would hold such a conference on what has long been a verboten subject was quite remarkable and a dramatic change from decades of PO denial. The two and a half day meeting was well attended by people from the GCC as well as other regional countries.
The going-in assumption was that “peak oil” will occur in the near future. The timing of the impending onset of world oil decline was not an issue at the conference, rather the main focus was what the GCC countries should do soon to ensure a prosperous, long-term future. To many of us who have long suffered the vociferous denial of PO by Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and OPEC countries, this conference represented a major change. In the words of Kjell Aleklett (Professor of Physics at Uppsala University, Sweden), who summarized highlights of the conference, the meeting was “an historic event.”
While many PO aficionados have been focused on the impacts and the mitigation of “peak oil” in the importing countries, most attendees at this conference were concerned with the impact that finite oil and gas reserves will have on the long-term future of their own exporting countries. They see the depletion of their large-but-limited reserves as affording their countries a period of time in which they either develop their countries into sustainable entities able to continue into the long term future or they lapse back into the poor, nomadic circumstances that existed prior to the discovery of oil/gas. Accordingly, much of the conference focus was on how the GCC countries might use their current and near-term largesse to build sustainable economic and government futures.
A flavor of the conference can be gotten from the following loosely translated, random quotations:
About the Conference:
- This is a groundbreaking conference.
- The organizers were brave to organize this conference.
- Peak oil provides an incentive to consider important national and regional issues. The GCC is currently working new problems with old solutions.
- Oil revenue represents about 93% of the Saudi budget. Everything is now imported — foreign expertise and most labor. Saudi can’t continue on the current track, because it would lead to a “bad future.” We need radical change.
- After peak oil, will there be great cities, or will Middle East cities end up like the gold mining ghost towns of the old U.S. west?
- So far we have wasted our opportunity.
- Shale oil in the U.S. is so much foolishness and does not invalidate peak oil. We definitely must worry about peak oil.
The Gulf States:
- Political reforms have failed to properly address our lack of democracy and accountability.
- When people are excluded from politics, they get unruly.
- Citizens in the Middle East prefer public sector jobs because they pay better than private sector jobs.
- Foreigners are the majority of our populations, typically 80%.
- Schools are teaching children “old stuff.” Schools are a disaster.
- The current culture is one of waste.
- There are job vacancies in Saudi but local people are not prepared to fill them. Saudi’s go abroad to get advanced degrees but don’t qualify for Saudi jobs, so Saudi must import foreign labor. Aramco did a good job of training Saudi nationals.
- The GCC must educate women and give them greater rights and equality.
- In many countries absolute rulers get the incomes and revenues and not much is left for the people. A selfish dictator does not develop his country.
- The Arab legal system is in bad shape and needs attention.
- People read religious literature when they should be reading technical literature.
- The region has wealthy, wealthy persons and poor, poor people.
- Rulers must understand that the people must be part of the future.
- Future generations must have rights.
About the world and peak oil:
- Globalization is being broadly viewed more negatively now. When peak oil comes, it will be extremely difficult to maintain.
- High oil prices will impact the world even before the onset of peak oil.
- Peak oil is the most important question in this part of the world.
About the author
Robert Hirsch ran the US Fusion Program during the 1970′s, and went from there to become one of America’s top energy experts. Here is a brief biography.
He was the lead author of one of the major papers about 21st century energy: “Peaking of World Production: Impacts, Mitigation, and Risk Management“ (aka “Mitigations”), commissioned by the Dept of Energy, published February 2005. Co-authors are the economists Roger Bezdek and Robert Wendling. They also wrote The Impending World Energy Mess: What It Is and What It Means to You (2010).