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Economic Resilience #3. Rethink the idea of "Jobs"

Become a jack of all trades and a master of one. – David Holmgren, quoting a European Permaculturist

"Jobs" as we know them today -- paychecks from large corporate employers -- are a very recent phenomenon in human history. Within our new understanding of the future economy, this form of earning a living is not too likely to continue.

Even the idea of “green jobs” is deeply flawed. Many of the “green” jobs are completely dependent upon government funding. Most are built upon the presumption of economic growth, and depend on continued societal affluence to get the fledgling “green” industries off the ground. Some so-called “green” industries merely provide green-cast consumption, perpetuating the five-planets-worth-of-consumption which we have told each other is “normal.” Other supposedly “green” jobs are in tech-centric industries, dependent upon oil, overseas manufacturing, and continued supply of trace elements, all of which will be difficult to sustain as we move deeper into the post-peak-everything era.

The role of “employee” of a giant facility controlled by corporate executives is part of the fading past. If we are to achieve the Great Redistribution (NEF, Part II), there will be a redistribution of ownership. As we Relocalize and powerdown, making a living is much more likely to be in the role of “proprietor,” rather than employee.

Income sources in the future are less likely to look like paychecks and far more likely to look like local businesses, home businesses, or barter businesses. These small businesses are likely to be providing some of the basic, core services that local community members need, such as food, water, basic shelter, basic clothing, low-input forms of health care, and human services such as psychological and spiritual help in coping with this vastly altered course of events. (more on this at #4 in this series) All those Reskilling classes we create within the Transition movement begin to look very different!

Remember that in the not-so-distant past, people thought not in terms of “jobs” but in terms of “trades.” A young boy was sent out to apprentice and learn a craft or a trade. Yes, some people did have jobs, but they were nothing like the massive oil-supported corporate structure we see today. People farmed food, people crafted everyday necessary tools, people made clothing, people nursed each other, all done locally. In a post-petroleum world, the globalized corporate structure is doomed. We will be left with a lot more community-level sufficiency. In our March 2009 economics session in Los Angeles, when we asked the audience the types of businesses we would need for greater resilience here in L.A., the list was extensive and inspiring.

Thus more likely possibilities for future livelihoods include small businesses in resilience-building industries, or working for a local businessman within a resilience-building industry. This becomes important not only for “how will I pay the rent” but also when we consider the messages we give our children about educational options and career choices.

Shifting our jobs to more-resilient patterns can be a really tough thing to do. Even if our inner landscape is shifting and we’re beginning to grow a few of our own veggies, we still have supermarket grocery bills to cover; we still have rent or mortgage payments. If you are currently employed within a non-resilient industry, perhaps the best for now is to embrace these ideas and prepare for them (after hours education?) even as you continue working the conventional way. Read about the concept of “Two Moving Sidewalks.” And appreciate the preciousness of each remaining conventional paycheck.

If you are currently jobless, or are retraining for a future career, you will probably find a more enduring livelihood within the more-resilient industries. Also, within a given industry, some specialties are far better situated for resilience. Health care is a great example: Western allopathic medicine is highly oil-dependent. But many holistic health care modalities use far less inputs, aren’t tied to the massive system, and can provide a cornerstone for local care within your community.

Job retraining?

  • Select an industry which is likely to endure
    • Peoples’ “core needs” rather than luxury items (bottom of the Maslow pyramid)
    • Industries (or subcategories of those industries) that have low energy inputs and low resource demands;
    • Locally sourced rather than international and dependent upon globalization.
  • “Job Opportunities for the Future” handout from Transition Los Angeles
  • Expect survival-level cash flow rather than replacement of the salaries of the last decade.
  • Expect to put in place all of the cash-conservation measures listed in bullet #2 of this series.
  • Perhaps try out new skills via Time banking or LETS. (#5 of this series). Build your resume through barter-funded work. Meanwhile the barter credits can help ease your living expenses while you are out of U.S. dollar-generating work.

Two Moving Sidewalks

Ever feel like you're zipping through the fast-paced hours of your day, the crowded pages of your calendar, like you're on a swiftly moving sidewalk?

Then you learn about alternative lifestyles, other ways of living and pacing one's life.  As you learn about the Transition movement, perhaps you get caught up in community events and activities within this other way of viewing life.

It begins to feel like you've hopped off that swiftly moving business-as-usual sidewalk onto a second moving sidewalk -- one that isn't necessarily headed in the same direction as the first one.

This image of two moving sidewalks -- each headed in a different direction -- was posed by Sophy Banks in our Training for Transition in Los Angeles in December 2008.  The image has stuck with me, and come back to me many times since.

Sophy counseled us that we will feel for a time like we're hopping back and forth between sidewalks.  We hop between mainstream life -- perhaps with a competitive corporate job, perhaps with children to get off to college -- and the new ways of the future:  the garden, the chickens, the bicycles, the ways of The Great Turning.

As time goes by, Sophy told us, we'll spend more and more time on the sidewalk that is headed toward the saner future: more and more time in local food production, local economies, community events.  We'll find less reason to hop back to the old-paradigm sidewalk.  It wasn't headed where we wanted to go anyway.

More about ‘Two Moving Sidewalks”

Related materials

Rob Hopkins, “What Employment Opportunities Arise from Embracing Transition” http://transitionculture.org/2009/07/01/what-employment-opportunities-ar...

Reskilling pattern http://transitionnetwork.org/patterns/ongoing-deepening/the-great-reskil...

Rob Hopkins, “Is Peak Oil Pessimism a Generation of Men Coming to Realise How Useless They Are?” http://transitionculture.org/2006/12/04/is-peak-oil-pessimism-a-generati...

Edgar Cahn, No More Throw Away People

The Foxfire series of books circa 1970’s (Eliot Wigginton, editor) collected oral histories and customs of the Appalachian region. It presents a glimpse of pre-industrialized rural community life.



This post is an excerpt from a longer paper, "Economic Resilience," which is being posted online in serial form.  Part I explains the problems, because we have to understand what we are working with in order to begin to solve it.  Part II critiques what several economic theorists see as possible routes forward for the “big picture” economy.  But the central question of this document is what we can do at the grassroots level.  Part III (approximately 70% of the document) offers a panorama of ideas for building local economic resilience. Links to the full document can be found here.

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