The End Of Suburbia — Really!
As Bill Bonner would say, 98% of everything you hear (about housing, retail spending, etc.) is merely noise. Only the underlying trends are important, if you can identify them. I believe we can spot one: It's The End of Suburbia. I'll return to this hypothesis at the end of this post.
The housing market is still unraveling, as foreclosures and delinquencies on underwater properties continue to rise. This a direct consequence of the collapse of the Housing Bubble, yet it's been nearly 4 years since home prices first started to fall (graph below). This is why I think that the Empire deteriorates gradually—it takes time for these disasters to manifest themselves. I don't believe there's a sudden panic-in-the-streets collapse as Gerald Celente does.
Source. I inserted a trend line (light blue) in median home price quadrant (upper left)
In my view, it will take many more years—certainly not before 2013—for the housing market to stabilize. Currently we can expect another 5-10% decrease in house prices. After that, once foreclosures, short sales, walk-aways, etc. return to normal levels as all the underwater properties get settled one way or another, it will take years to work off the excess inventory (homes for sale, upper right quadrant above). As I've written before, it will likely take 7-8 years for us to get back to "full" employment (~5%). The longer a large percentage of Americans remain underemployed, the harder it will be to work off the inventory of unsold homes. This is one big sorry mess, folks.
And now add in the fact that the depressed, reeling housing market itself will hamper America's economic recovery. Calculated Risk's graph below illustrates how new housing jump starts economic recoveries.
I think it's fair to say that new housing starts won't be leading the recovery this time around. There's been some denial on this point lately. Calculated Risk (CR) quotes Minneapolis Fed President Narayana Kocherlakota's Economic Recovery and Balance Sheet Normalization—
Let me start my outlook with the most troubling information first. Housing starts and sales remain at near historically low levels. These data are disturbing to many observers. And that’s understandable. After many past recessions, residential investment has played a significant role in the subsequent recovery. Arguing by analogy, some are concerned that we cannot have a sustainable economic recovery unless housing starts pick up dramatically from their current low levels...
I have to say that I’m somewhat skeptical of this thinking. Yes, the housing sector is important, but residential investment makes up just 2.8 percent of the country’s gross domestic product...
To which CR replies—
This is an error in analysis. Back in 2005, several analysts argued I was wrong that a housing bust would eventually take the economy into recession—they said residential investment was only 6% of the U.S. economy! They were wrong because they didn't consider all the add on effects—and the impact of financial distress. Now residential investment is only 2.5 percent of GDP, and Kocherlakota is making the inverse faulty argument. During previous recoveries, housing played a critical role in job creation and consumer spending. It isn't the size of the sector, but the contribution during the recovery that matters—and housing is usually the largest contributor to economic growth early in a recovery.
Now things get really interesting. From Kocherlakota again—
Housing starts are ... strongly affected by the general health of the economy (job growth or loss) and the stock of housing relative to demand. As I see it, the problems in the housing sector right now are largely driven by this second factor. For a number of reasons, the nation has built a lot more houses than it now needs or wants. As a result, my own prediction is that housing starts are going to remain low—possibly for several years.
[My note: I can't include the entire discussion here, so visit CR's original article for more discussion]
What an astonishing statement: For a number of reasons, the nation has built a lot more houses than it needs or wants. No kidding! Of course, Kocherlakota is referring obliquely to what I call The Suburban Project. One could argue that our suicidal suburban (and in recent years, exurban) housing expansion has increasingly dominated the American economy since World War II, but especially since the early 1990s (graph below).
In future posts, I will expand on how home ownership has been more and more central to America's phony economy. The United States became a Banana Republic in which buying & selling houses (i.e. real estate speculation) replaced productive economic activity accompanied by strong wage growth. We don't make many cars anymore, but there's no shortage of real estate agents.
So why is the the End of Suburbia? Conceptually the answer is easy, although I think the details will be messy going forward. It will be many years, perhaps in the 2014-2016 period, before The Suburban Project would be able to pick up where it left off, as I hope I have established to your (preliminary) satisfaction in this short post.
But in 5, 7 or 10 years, the average cost of liquid fuels will be much, much higher than it is now. This is where things get messy, because in the future, I expect there to be a series of oil price shocks followed by periods of low demand and recession, just as we saw in the 2007-2010 period. Extraordinarily high oil prices down the road, even if they are transitory, will destroy any attempt to resume and sustain The Suburban Project.
And that's it. I believe we've reached The End Of Suburbia—Really!
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