Current food production system due for collapse
Adapted from an ISIS Press Release:
The Sustainable World initiative is to engage with all sectors of civil society to make our food production system truly sustainable.
Current food production system due for collapse
World grain yield fell for four successive years from 2000 to 2003, bringing reserves to the lowest in thirty years. The situation has not improved despite a 'bumper' harvest in 2004, which was just enough to satisfy world consumption.
In too many food production regions of the world, conventional farming practices have severely depleted the underground water to the point where rivers and lakes have dried out, topsoil has been eroded away, and wild life decimated. At the same time, world oil production may have passed its peak; oil price hit a record high of US$58 a barrel on 4 April 2005, and is expected to top US$100 within two years. This spells looming disaster for conventional industrial agriculture, which is heavily dependent on both oil and water. The true costs of our current food production system are becoming all too clear (see Box 1).
True costs of industrial food production system
Getting our food production sustainable is the most urgent task for humanity; it is also the key to delivering health, ameliorating the worst effects of climate change and saving the planet from destructive exploitation. The benefits of sustainable food production systems are also becoming evident (see Box 2).
Some benefits of sustainable food production systems
The Independent Science Panel (ISP) and the Institute of Science in Society (ISIS) are launching this Sustainable World initiative to engage with all sectors of civil society to make our food production system truly sustainable.
We are convening a special ISP group on Sustainable Agriculture (ISP-SA) - currently 18 strong - and a task force of sponsoring organizations and individuals who will make direct input into a comprehensive report on sustainable agriculture at the end of a year. The report will include a series of recommendations for government and inter-governmental agencies on the social, economic and political policy and structural changes needed to implement a sustainable food production system.
ISIS and ISP are in a unique position to draw these previously disparate strands together into a powerful scientific and social consensus. We have scientists in many disciplines working together and some of the scientists are competent across several disciplines. A majority of the scientists are already working with grass-roots organisations and local communities in both the developed and developing countries, or are supporting their activities in other ways.
There will be a series of consultations (by post or e-mail) with our sponsors, and two to three working conferences throughout the year when the report is being drafted, depending on finances available.
A major international conference to launch the final report will take place in 2006. Copies of the report will be sent to all relevant governments and inter-government agencies as the start of a campaign to get the recommendations implemented.
Please support this Global Initiative
- Sponsoring organisation (contributing £100 or more)
- Sponsoring individual (contributing £25 or more)
- Endorsing organisation (no contribution or donating less than £100)
- Endorsing individual (no contribution or donating less than £25)
The Independent Science Panel consists of dozens of prominent scientists from around the world concerned over the commercialisation of science and the consequent failure of the scientific establishment to protect the public from the hazards of emerging technologies ( http://www.indsp.org/ISPMembers.php ) . The Panel published its first report, The Case for a GM-Free Sustainable World , in June 2003, documenting scientific evidence of the problems and hazards of GM crops as well as the proven successes and promise of all forms of sustainable agriculture. The report was widely circulated and adopted, and translated into several major languages within a year. It was presented in three successful briefings to government and inter-governmental agencies in 2004, receiving widespread coverage in the popular media.
At the European Parliament briefing in October 2004, ISP delivered its strongest message: invest in sustainable agriculture right now, as there is no other way to really feed the world under global warming . The present initiative is intended to take that message forward.
Please see www.indsp.org/reg/ISPRegWhoHasSigned.php for the most up to date list of sponsors and endorsers.
Partners and Sponsors
* Third World Network, Malaysia
* Institute for Sustainable Development, Ethiopia
* Ecological Society of the Philippines, The Philippines
* Elm Farm Research Centre, UK
* Environmental Law Centre, UK
* Fondation pour une Terre Humaine, France
* GM-Free Cymru, UK
* Green Network, UK
* HDRA the organic organisation, UK
* Institute of Ecological Studies, Ecuador
* Schumacher Institute for Sustainable Systems, UK
* Soil Association, UK
* People's Biosafety Association, Finland
* Union of Ecoforestry, Finland
* Yoko Civilisation Research Institute , Japan
* Jill Evans MEP
* Rt. Hon. Michael Meacher, MP, UK
* Alan Simpson, MP, UK
Sustainable World Team
Dr. Tewolde Berhan Gebre Egziabher
Recipient of the Right Livelihood Award, representative of the Ethiopian government and African Union in championing the rights of the poorest countries at the FAO Commission on Plant Genetic Resources, and key negotiator of the Cartagena Biosafety Protocol
Dr. Mae-Wan Ho
Director of Institute of Science in Society, Editor/Art Director of Science in Society quarterly, pioneer of the physics of organisms and much published author and researcher across many scientific disciplines
Independent Science Panel - Sustainable Agriculture Group
Prof. Miguel Altieri
University of California, Berkeley, world authority on agroecology; General Coordinator of United Nations Development Programme's Sustainable Agriculture Networking and Extension Programme (SANE); Chair of NGO Committee of the Consultative Group in International Agricultural Research (CGIAR); formerly Technical Advisor of Latin American consortium on Agroecology and Development (CLADEs); author and co-author of many books and papers, much cited.
Prof. David Bellamy OBE
Internationally renowned botanist, environmentalist, broadcaster, author and campaigner; recipient of numerous awards; President and Vice President of many conservation and environmental organizations.
Dr. Elizabeth Bravo V.
Co-founder of Acción Ecológica; part-time lecturer at Universidad Politécnica Salesiana, Ecuador; researcher and campaigner on biodiversity and GMO issues.
Dr. Judy Carman
A Director of the Institute of Health and Environmental Research and Affiliate Senior Lecturer in Department of Public Health, University of Adelaide; was senior epidemiologist in the Communicable Disease Control Branch of South Australian Department of Human Services. B.Sc. Honours Organic Chemistry and Ph. D. Medicine in nutritional biochemistry and metabolic regulation, also Master of Public Health specialising in epidemiology and biostatistics.
Dr. Phil Davies
Director, Institute of Health and Environmental Research Inc., Kensington Park, Australia; application of cell culture technology to breeding wheat, barley, oats, field peas and lentils.
Editor of 7-volume Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea; Director, Institute for Sustainable Development, Ethiopia, responsible for introducing organic composting agricultural practice to Tigray, which has made organic agriculture a major strategy for food security in Ethiopia.
Dr. Tewolde Berhan Gebre Egziabher
Recipient of the Right Livelihood and numerous other awards, environmentalist, scholar, much published author and Founding Editor of The Ecologist.
Dr. Ingrid Hartman
Soil scientist and resource management researcher, Humboldt University, Humboldt, Germany; member of many important committees and networks, including the United Nations Steering Committee of Nutrition, the African Ecological Economic Society and German-Ethiopian Association for the promotion of cultural exchange, and academic and economic collaborations.
Dr. Mae-Wan Ho
Dr. Per Kølster
Agronomist and farmer, board member of Practical Ecology, Danish organisation for organic practice with 3 100 members; formerly assistant professor at agricultural university in Denmark, researching and teaching organic agriculture for 15 years
Lim Li Ching
B Sc. Ecology, M.Phil. Development Studies, Researcher in Sustainable Agriculture and Biosafety, Third World Network.
MA (Econ) University of Cambridge, and Master of Economics (University Science Malaysia); Director of Third World Network; prominent spokesperson and commentator at World Trade Organisation; many books and papers published, and widely quoted.
Dr. Eva Novotny
Astronomer and campaigner on GM issues for Scientists' for Global Responsibility.
Prof. Bob Orskov OBE
Head of International Feed Resource Unit, Macaulay Institute, Aberdeen, Scotland, Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Fellow of the Polish Academy of Science.
Dr. Michel Pimbert
Agricultural ecologist and Principal Associate, International Institute for Environment and Development; worked previously with International Crop Research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) in India and World Wide Fund for Nature in Switzerland; consultant and research partner for UN FAO, UN Research Institute for Social Development, UNESCO and World Conservation Union; author and editor of key books on natural resource management, participatory action research, political ecology of biodiversity, rights and culture.
Dr. Peter Rosset
Agricultural ecologist and rural development specialist; former co-Director of the Institute for Food and Development Policy, Oakland, California, USA; written extensively on the agronomic, ecological and economic impacts of agricultural technology; A. B. Hon. From Brown University, M.Sc. Applied entomology, Imperial College, London, and Ph.D. Agricultural Ecology, University of Michigan.
Prof. Peter Saunders
Professor of Applied Mathematics, King's College, London; author of close to 100 papers including several books; researches on modelling complex system, and in particular, problems in global warming and diabetes.
Prof. Oscar B. Zamora
Professor of Agronomy, Department of Agronomy, University of the Philippines Los Banos College of Agriculture, Laguna, The Philippines; served in his government's delegation to the Conference of Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity and FAO International Technical Conference on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.
Web design and communication
Andy Watton and Julian Haffegee
Sam Burcher , Rhea Gala and Andy Watton
1. 100-Year Drought Is No Match for Organic Soybeans, Rodale Institute, 1999. www.rodaleinstitute.org/global/arch_home.html
2. Agri-environmental indicators. OECD Directorate for Food, Agriculture and Fisheries.http://www.oecd.org/document/13/0,2340,en_2649_33795_1889741_1_1_1_1,00.html
3. Altieri MA and Nicholls CI. Agroecology rescues organic agriculture from corporate takeover. Science in Society 2003, 19, 30-41.
4. Altieri MA and Nicholls CI. GM crops threaten cultural & ecological integrity. Science in Society 2004, 21, 42-45.
5. Brown L. World facing fourth consecutive grain harvest shortfall. Earth Policy Institute 17 September 2003 www.earth-policy.org/Updates/Update28.htm
6. Brown L. Plan B: Rescuing a Planet under Stress and a Civilization in Trouble , Earth Policy Institute, W.W. Norton & Company, New York, 2003.
7. Campbell CJ. Peak oil. Presentation at the Technical University of Clausthal. December 2000 www.geologie.tu-clausthal.de/Campbell/lecture.html
8. Caroline Lucas MEP " Stopping the Great Food Swap " (speech) based on background research and support provided by Andy Jones and Vicki Hird of Sustain: The alliance for better food and farming, and by Colin Hines, author of Localisation: A Global Manifesto, Earthscan 2000.
9. Delate K, and Cambardella, CA. Organic Production. Agroecosystem performance during transition to certified organic grain production. Agronomy Journal 2004, 96:1288-1298.
10. Dimitri, C, Greene, C. Recent growth patterns in the US organic food market. USDA-ERS Agriculture Information Bulletin No. AIB777, 2002. US Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service, Washington D.C. www.ers.usda.gov/publication/aib777/aib777.pdf
11. Edwards S. Greening Ethiopia series, Science in Society 2004, 23, 4-8.
12. Energy use in organic farming systems. MAFF project OFO182 (1996/2000)
13. “Farming support: the truth behind the numbers” by Stefan Tangermann, Director OECD Food, Agriculture and fisheries Directorate March 2004 www.oecdobserver.org/news/printpage.php/aid/1223/Farming_support:_the_truth_behind_the_numbers.html
14. Gala R. Oganic production works. Science in Society 2005, 25, 14-15.
15. Günther F. Vulnerability in agriculture: energy use, structure and energy futures. Paper presented at the INES conference, KTH Stockholm, 15 June 2000 etnhum.etn.lu.se/~fg/written/stuff/ines/INES.pdf
16. Goldsmith E. Feeding the world under climate change. Science in Society 2004, 24, 34-36.
17. Hall CAS, Cleveland CJ and Kaufmann R. Energy and Resource Quality, Wiley Interscience, New York, 1986.
18. Harbinson R. 2001. Conservation tillage and climate change. Biotechnology and Development Monitor No. 46, 12-17. www.biotech-monitor.nl/4605.htm
19. Hines C, Lucas C and Shiva V. Local food, global solution. The Ecologist , vol 32 No 5 June 2002 p 38.
20. Ho MW. The food bubble economy. Science in Society 2005, 25, 48-49.
21. Ho MW. Are sustainable economic systems like organisms? in Evolution, Development and Economics (P. Koslowski, ed.), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998.
22. Ho MW, Lim LC et al. The Case for a GM-Free Sustainable World , ISP Report, ISIS & TWN, London & Penang, 2003. www.indsp.org/A%20GM-Free%20Sustainable%
23. Ho MW and Ulanowicz RE. Sustainable systems as organisms? (submitted for publication, 2005).
24. Hole DG, Perkins AJ, Wilson JD, Alexander IH, Grice PV and Evans AD. Does organic farming benefit biodiversity? Biological Conservation 2005, 122, 113-30.
25. Horrigan, Leo, Robert S. Lawrence, and Polly Walker. "How Sustainable Agriculture Can Address the Environmental and Human Health Harms of Industrial Agriculture." Environmental Health Perspectives Vol 110, 5 May 2002.
26. Key issues and information sources – energy, Sustainable Agri-Food Production and Consumption Forum. www.agrifood-forum.net/issues/energy.asp
27. Khor M. Sustainable agriculture: critical ecological, social & economic issues. Science in Society 2004, 21, 39-51.
28. Leigh RA and Johnston AE (Eds.) Long-term experiments in Agricultural and Ecological Sciences, CAB Int., Wallingford, UK, 1994.
29. Lim LC. Restoring degraded soils a matter of urgency. Science in Society 2004, 24, 37.
30. “New research confirms organic milk is a good alternative source of omega3” OMSCO Press release 8 December 2004.
31. Norberg-Hodge H, Merrifield T, and Gorelick S. Bringing The Food Economy Home: Local Alternatives to Global Agribusiness. Bloomfield , CT : Kumarian Press. 2002. p.18.
32. Pirog R.. "Checking the Food Odometer: Comparing Food Miles for Local Versus Conventional Produce Sales in Iowa Institutions." Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture. July 2003.
33. Pretty J and Ball A. Agricultural Influences on Carbon Emissions and Sequestration. A Review of Evidence and the Emerging Trading Option . March 2001.
34. Pretty J. Agri-Culture, Reconnecting People, Land and Nature, Earthscan , London, 2002.
35. “Report proves that organic farming is better for wildlife” Soil Association Press Release 7 October 2004.
36. “Rocketing oil price predicted”, Tom Incantalupo, Newsday 1 April 2005 www.newsday.com/business/ny-bzoil4198388apr01,0,6660436.story?coll=ny-business-headlines
37. Robertson GP, Paul EA and Harwood RR. Greenhouse gases in intensive agriculture: contributions of individual gases to the radiative forcing of the atmosphere. Science 2000, 298, 1922-5.
38. Rosset P. The Multiple Functions and Benefits of Small Farm Agriculture , Food First, 1999.
39. Service sector energy consumption by fuel, in primary energy equivalents, 1970 to 2003. Department of Trade and Industry, UK
41. Soil Conservation Council of Canada . "Global Warming and Agriculture: Fossil Fuel" Factsheet volume 1, #3. January 2001.
42. Strategy for Sustainable Farming and Food, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, London www.defra.gov/farm/sustain/newstrategy/strategy.pdf
43. The Biodiversity Benefits of Organic Farming, Soil Association May 2000
44. The issues fossil fuel and energy use. Sustainable table www.sustainabletable.org/issues/energy/
45. Trading away the right to food, Oxfam Canada, www.oxfam.ca/education/index.htm
46. Vasilikiotis C. Can organic farming “feed the world”? Energy Bulletin 1 February 2001 www.energybulletin.net/1469.html
47. Voeding, Milieu en budget, report by Milieucentraal and Nibud, Utrecht, 2001.
48. Worthington V. Nutrition quality of organic versus conventional fruits, vegetables and grains. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 2001, 7, 161-73.
Help build resilience. DONATE NOW